Even as flames from the Caldor Fire threatened Tahoe, scientific research efforts were already underway to learn how the historic blaze was impacting Lake Tahoeâ€™s famed water quality and clarity. In the closing days of August, scientists from the bi-state Tahoe Science Advisory Council launched a rapid response scientific study to gather samples of smoke and ashfall from the Caldor Fire. That real-time data gathering is now supporting investigations into changes in algae growth, the presence of clarity-diminishing particles, and other ecological dynamics at play in the lake. The League to Save Lake Tahoe is the projectâ€™s lead funder, with additional support provided by the Tahoe Regional Planning Agency, the State of California, the State of Nevada, and the Tahoe Fund.
â€œThe Caldor Fire is a wake-up call: climate change is here in Tahoe, and extreme wildfire is what it looks like. To Keep Tahoe Blue we need to adapt, and fast,â€ noted Darcie Goodman Collins, CEO of the League to Save Lake Tahoe, or Keep Tahoe Blue. â€œWith this rapid response research, weâ€™re pushing the boundaries of science to learn about wildfire impacts, help inform critical fire recovery decisions, and create a model that can be used in other places facing threats from extreme wildfire.â€
The projectâ€™s funders and researchers highlighted the importance of turning the Caldor disaster into an opportunity to prepare for the future impacts of climate change. Armed with new science from the study, land managers and decision-makers can take steps to make Tahoe and the entire fire-threatened Sierra Nevada more resilient in the face of prolonged droughts and dry forests.
â€œWe will need a multi-step process to understand the impacts of the Caldor Fire. A first step is to understand the impacts from the smoke and ash which have recently been deposited in the lake. As soon as the data is ready on how forest thinning and defensible space helped fire suppression, weâ€™ll dive into that as well,â€ said Sudeep Chandra from the University of Nevada, Reno, one of the studyâ€™s leading scientists. â€œFires like Caldor, Dixie, and Tamarack crossed county and even state lines, so the response must also be regional. Our science will help inform how to best restore the forests after a fire event, and what steps regional leaders should take to make Tahoe and the Sierra Nevada ecosystem resilient for the future.â€
Prior studies indicate that wildfire smoke and ash can impact lake ecology by adding nutrient particles that promote algae growth, and by blocking ultraviolet light radiation which allows tiny invertebrates to migrate to the surface and feed on that algae. The combined impact, in the short-term at least, is reduced water clarity. The study will quantify those phenomena, while looking at previously unstudied impacts, including to nearshore water quality.
The University of Nevada, Reno, UC Davis Tahoe Environmental Research Center, and Desert Research Institute are all members of the Tahoe Science Advisory Council and collaborators in this study. The smoke and ash impacts research exemplifies the Councilâ€™s purpose â€“ to be at the forefront of Tahoe scientific research when it is needed most. The present study will tie into the Councilâ€™s ongoing work to assess and preserve Lake Tahoeâ€™s clarity.